Page from The Graphic Christmas Number 1870 depicting a piece by W S Gilbert, one of his so called Bab ballads.The ballads were read aloud at private dinner-parties, public banquets, and places where people gathered. satire, nonsense, poetry, verse, prose, Victorian,
Cincinnatus in Retirement: Edmund Burke (1729-1797) Anglo-Irish statesman, out of office in 1780, shown at home as a Jesuit eating potatoes, comparing him to the Roman dictator on his farm. Devils Religion Anti-Catholic Gillray Satire
?The Belligerent Plenipo's:, cartoon by Thomas Colley, London, 1782. Left George III with half crown, right America, with other half of crown and 'I have got all I wanted'. In middle, France, Holland and Spain who lost by helping America to Independence.
Successful amputation at the hip joint on casualty in American Civil War. Mortality from this procedure was in excess of 70%. Shippen's amputation. From Circular No.6, Surgeon General's Office, Washington, 1 November, 1865. Tinted lithograph.
Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda (1813-1885) English mechanical engineer Member of Parliament and philanthropist. Among his interests were marine engines, iron ships, atmospheric railways, and Poplar Hospital, London. Cartoon from Vanity Fair, London, 15 February 1873. Chromolithograph.
Fox Talbot, right, outside his photographic studio c1848. William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877) of Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire. English mathematician, physicist and pioneer in the field of photography. In 1841 he patented the calotype process which produced a negative from which multiple copies could be made.
Robert Owen (1771-1858) Welsh-born British philanthropist and socialist. Bought New Lanark Mills Scotland, c1799 where the seeds of the co-operative movement were sown. He founded the town of New Harmony, Indiana, USA on co-operative principles. I
Front cover; Hairy Maclary from Donaldson's Dairy; Children's book; New Zealand; 1983; Mallinson Rendel Publishers; Wellington; Spindlewood; Barnstaple; ISBN 0-907348-50-1; 1001 Children's Books To Read Before You Grow Up; 176 x 235 mm
Wilhelm II (1859-1941) Emperor of Germany 1888-1918, mailed fist on War Map, looks at sand glass labelled Summer 1918, while Father Time, the Grim Reaper is ready to strike. World War I. William Allen Rogers (1854-1931) artist.
Garnet Joseph Wolseley, Viscount Wolseley (1833-1913) Irish-born English soldier, c1880. Commander-in-Chief British Army (1890-95). In 1885 arrived at he Khartoum too late relieve General Gordon. From The Modern Portrait Gallery. (London, c1880). British. Tinted lithograph.
The Donkey: Used for milk; As a pack animal; for riding; as a draught animal: as drum skins. Hand-coloured lithograph by Waterhouse Hawkins published London c1850. From Graphic Illustrations of Animals and Their Utility to Man
Loyal Talk Won't Beat Kaiser Krupp Kultur - Trained Men Will! Anti-German World War I recruitment poster 1914-1918, Toronto, Canada. Silhouette of soldiers advancing with fixed bayonets. Krupp, German armament manufacturers.
Poisonous plants. As well as the poisonous Black or Common Nightshade (Solanum nigrum) top left, and Woody Nightshade or Bittersweet (Solanum dulcarama) top right, there are the more dangerous Deadly Nightshade(Atropa belladonna) bottom left, which contains the alkaloids Atropine and Hyoscyamine, Thorn Apple (Datura stramonium) centre and Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger) right which contain Hyoscyamine. (c1885). Chromolithograph.
?Martin Luther (1483-1546) German Protestant reformer burning the Papal Bull excommunicating him, Wittenberg, 1520. Surrounding vignettes show episodes in his life and other heroes of the Reformation. Coloured lithograph.
Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico (1832-67) Younger brother of Francis Joseph I of Austria, accepted offer of throne of Mexico and proclaimed Emperor 10 April 1864. Not recognised by Republicans and Liberales led by Benito Juarez. French popular coloured print showing him executed by firing squad 19 June 1867
Thomas Henry Huxley (18231883) British biologist. Foremost supporter of Darwin in debate on evolution by natural selection and called Darwin's Bulldog. Cartoon by 'Ape' (Calo Pellegrini) from Vanity Fair, January 1871
Abraham Lincoln making his famous address on 19 November 1863 at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery at Gettysburg on the site of the American Civil War battle with the greatest number of casualties.
World War I 1914-1918: 'The Liberator of France' Soldier reporting to Marshal Joseph Joffre in the French headquarters on night of 6 September 1914. 1st Battle of the Marne 6-10 September. Franco-British victory.
German Anti-Polish poster, 1919. Poor, huddled barefoot Polish refugees. This is what you will look like if you vote for Poland not Germany in the Upper Silesian plebiscite. Alfred Munzer (1870-1953) German artist. Propaganda
Exit Liberte al Francois! Or Buonaparte closing the Farce of Egalite, at St Cloud near Paris, Nov 10th 1799. Napoleon's Coup d'Etat of Eighteenth Brumaire. British cartoon by James Gillray, 21 Nov 1799. First Consul Satire France
Prerogatives Defeat or Liberties Triumph', c1782. C J Fox and John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton, uniting to fight corruption and Royal favouritism, trample on Earl of Bute and Lord North while Ireland and America look on.
Britain; England; Housing; Poverty; 19th century; Nineteenth century
The Poor Man's Friend': Cartoon by John Leech from 'Punch', London, February 1845, showing Death as the friend of the old or sick unemployed manual labourer, a more welcome option than the Union (Workhouse) that can be seen through the window.
Crimean (Russo-Turkish) War 1853-1856: Battle of Alma, 20 September 1854. 26,000 troops under Raglan, 24,000 French under St Arnaud. French command with advancing infantry. Lithograph published Paris c1860
Hydrotheraphy treatments, c1902. Walking foot bath, nasal douche, foot bath and head bath. One of the oldest forms of medical treatment, hydrotherapy enjoyed a resurgence in popularity in the late 19th century. From Die Neue Heilmethode Lehrbuch by M Platen. (Berlin, c1902).
Album frontispiece print.These specially produced prints were bought by album enthusiasts and are often to be found in albums of the 1820-50s. A frequent theme was the beggar seeking "any scrap you can spare" - young girl holding out old man's hat in above print.
Korean nobleman or government official carried in a form of litter by four porters with straps over shoulders. Two personal attendants hold the chair. Watercolour c1890. Transport Power Manual Fashion Dress Traditional
?Pierre Terrail, Seigneur de Bayard (1475-1524) French hero, the 'knight without fear and beyond reproach'. Bayard mortally wounded during Charles V of France's invasion of Champagne. Nineteenth Century Trade Card Lithograph?
The Dog: Collie sheepdog; Newfoundland for water rescue; Deerhound for hunting; St Bernard rescuing travellers in the snow; Husky pulling a sledge; Dog skin for boots; Guard dog to deter burglars. Hand-coloured lithograph by Waterhouse Hawkins published London c1850. From Graphic Illustrations of Animals and Their Utility to Man.
Physician examining a sample of urine from the patient lying in bed. From Le livre de la propriete des choses (On the Properites of Things) written by the English Franciscan monk Bartholomew Glanville called Bartolomaeus Anglicus c1230-1240 and translated by Jean Corbechon in 1372. Woodcut from a printed edition published 1491.
Abu Simbel', Watercolour. Robert Talbot-Kelly (1861-1934) English orientalist landscape painter. The great limestone statues of Ramses II at the entrance viewed from the River Nile. Egypt Landscape Water Ruins
Ancient; Roman; British; English; Slavery; Religion; Christian
Gregory I, The Great (c540-604) Pope from 590. Seeing Anglo-Saxon children in slave market in Rome and calling them Angels not Angles. Sent Augustine as missionary to England. Colour-printed illustration c1900.
'Ptolemy (Claudius of Ptolemaeus) fl150 AD, Alexandrian Greek astronomer and geographer, using quadrant to observe moon and stars. Urania, Muse of Astronomy, instructs him. Shown wearing crown as often confused with Ptolemaic kings of Egypt. Hand-coloured woodcut from Gregor Reisch ''Margarita Philosophica'' Basle 1508'
Geoffrey Chaucer (c1345-1400) English poet. The Manciple, man who buys provisions for a college, monastery or inn of court. After the illustration in the Ellesmere manuscript of Canterbury Tales 14th century.
?Great Days of the French Revolution: No 3. Top: Carnot at Battle of Wattignies, 1793. Hoche at Wissembourg, December 1793. Bottom: Hoche pacifying the Vendee. Captured enemy flags presented to the Republic, 1795. Print. ?
Dutch cartoon, 1794 predicting advance of ballooning by 1804. Basket/gondola hangs from the ceiling, women and children in hysterics as two prospective aeronauts make wills. Prints of French ballooning accidents on wall. Aeronautics
Tom and Jerry as observers in the Bow Street Magistrate's Court, London. Shackled prisoner in dock, left, elegant Cyprian (prostitute) and coachman give evidence, centre. Illustration by IR and G Cruickshank for Pierce Egan Life in London 1821. Aquatint