Meyer Amschel de Rothschild (1818-1874) English sportsman and art collector, fourth son of Nathan Meyer Rothschild. Liberal Member of Parliament for Hythe, Kent (1859-1874). Cartoon by 'Ape' (Carlo Pellegrini - 1838-1889) from Vanity Fair, London, 27 May 1871. Chromolithograph.
If You'd Only Be My Valentine', 1910. Cupid is gathering a basket of red hearts from a Pine tree which, in the language of flowers represents Daring. In Roman mythology Cupid was the son of Venus, goddess of love (Eros and Aphrodite in the Greek Pantheon). The identity of St Valentine is uncertain, the most popular candidates are Valentine, bishop of Terni (3rd century) or a Roman Christian convert martyred c270). St Valentine's Day, celebrated on 14 February, probably replaces the Roman pagan festival of Lupercalia.
Ferdinand de Soto (c1496-1542) Spanish explorer and his men torturing natives of Florida in his determination to find gold. Hand-coloured engraving. John Judkyn Memorial Collection, Freshford Manor, Bath
Henry Edward Manning (1809-1892) English Roman Catholic prelate, born at Totteridge, Hertfordshire. After graduating from Oxford, Manning was ordained as an Anglican priest and in 1840 was appointed archdeacon of Chichester. In 1851 he joined the Roman Catholic church. In 1865 he became archbishop of Westminster and in 1875 he was created Cardinal. Cartoon by 'Spy' (Leslie Ward, 1851-1922) from Vanity Fair (London, 25 February 1871). Chromolithograph.
John Laird Mair Lawrence, lst Baron Lawrence (1811-1879) British statesman and administrator. Served in the Indian civil service. Viceroy of India (1864-1859). Chairman of the London School Board (1870-1873). Cartoon by 'Ape' (Carlo Pellegrini - 1838-1889) from Vanity Fair (London, 18 December 1875). Chromolithograph.
Jacob Leuthold, Agassiz's chief guide on his 1841 expedition in the Alps. Engraving from Louis Agassiz: His Life and Correspondence (Boston, 1885). (Jean ) Louis (Rodolphe) Agassiz (1807-1873) Swiss-born American naturalist and glaciologist.
William Augustus Fraser of Morar, 4th Baronet (1826-1898), British politician, author and collector of Scottish extraction. Between 1857 and 1880 be was Member of Parliament for Barnstaple (1857-1859), Ludlow (1863-1865), and Kidderminster (1874-1880). Campaigner for metropolitan sanitary reform. Cartoon by 'Ape' (Carlo Pellegrini - 1838-1889) from Vanity Fair (London, 9 January 1875). Chromolithograph.
Seaham Colliery, County Durham, England, showing the head gear above the shaft, and work in an active coal seam. The central vignettes show two models of miner's lamp, the Davy, left, which was the more popular, and the Clanny. Below, a boy is operating the ventillating furnace which created a draught in the workings, so preventing a build up of fire-damp (methane). On the right a pit pony pulling wagons has just passed through a trap door, another device to control ventillation. Engraving from The Graphic (London, 28 January 1871).
American Marines' gun position about June 1918. In background are remains of a wood whose trees have been shattered by gunfire. After painting by Henry Cheffer (1880-1957) French painter engraver and illustrator. CLEAR COPYRIGHT.
Dr Livingstone, I presume? The historic meeting between Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904) Welsh explorer and journalist, and David Livingstone (1813-1873) Scottish missionary and African explorer, at Ujiji on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, 10 November 1871.
George Campbell (1719-1796) Scottish theologian. Principal of Marischal College, Aberdeen (1759-1796). Opposed the philosophy of John Locke and David Hume as he considered them an danger to faith. Engraving from A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen by the Rev. Thomas Thomson (Glasgow, Edinburgh and London, 1870).
Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), the Old World rabbit. . A rodent introduced to Britain by the Normans in the 11th century as a protein source, it has become an agricultural pest. It was introduced to Australia with disastrous results. From British Quadrupeds, W MacGillivray, (Edinburgh, 1828), one of the volumes in William Jardine's Naturalist's Library series. Hand-coloured engraving.
The Able-Bodied Pauper Street-Sweeper. Pauper's were employed as street sweepers in London in return for support by the Parish. Engraving from London Labour and the London Poor by Henry Mayhew (London, 1861).
John Hanning Speke (1827-1864) born at Bideford, Devon, England. Officer in the British Indian Army and explorer of Africa. Accompanied Richard Burton's expedition (1855-1858), sponsored by the Royal Geographical Society, when he discovered Lake Victoria Nyanza. On a subsequent expedition of 1860-1862 he discovered the exit from the lake into the White Nile which he named Ripon Falls. Engraving from The Leisure Hour (London, 1864).
Julius Benedict (1804-1885) German-born composer and conductor, born at Stuttgart, the son of a Jewish banker. He spent most of his career in England. Engraving from The Illustrated London News (ondon, 13 June 1885).
London Nightmen. These men who are carrying the contents of a cess pool in a wooden tub, carried out their smelly, dirty job at night. Their candle lanterns are on the ground. The tub would be carried out into the street and its contents tipped into a horse-drawn tanker. The tanker would then be taken to market gardens on the outskirts of the city where it's contents would be used as fertiliser. Engraving from London Labour and the London Poor by Henry Mayhew (London, 1861).
William Forbes, 6th Baronet (1735-1806) Scottish banker and philanthropist. A founder of the Union Bank of Scotland. Engraving from A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen by Thomas Thomson (1870).
Adam Sedgwick (1785-1873) British geologist who, in cooperation with Roderick Impey Murchison (1792-1871), defined the Devonian system. From Life of Sir Roderick I. Murchison by Archibald Geikie (London, 1875). Engraving.
The Sewer Hunter. This man eked out a living by hunting in the sewers for anything he could sell, such as a lost ring. To give him light to do his work he is using a candle with a simple wind shield. Engraving from London Labour and the London Poor by Henry Mayhew (London, 1861).
Poisson d'Avril; April Fish; April Fools Day; All Fools Day; April 1st; custom; play tricks; make fun; games; practical jokes; prank; good humoured; hoaxes; embarrass; foolishness; humour; caricature; cartoon; anthropomorphic; fish in a dress; fan
Mozart listening to Allegri's 'Miserere', 1771 (1906). On a visit to Rome when he was 14 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) wrote down the work from memory after a single hearing. From La Vie de Mozart (The Life of Mozart), Liebig Trade Card. (Paris, 1906).
The London Scavenger. This man would sweep and clean streets, market places and pavements, picking up anything useful or valuable. Engraving from London Labour and the London Poor by Henry Mayhew (London, 1861).
Women and children sifting household refuse in a dust yard in order to salvage anything that could be recycled, such as the pile of bones in the right foreground which would be taken to the glue factory. Engraving from London Labour and the London Poor by Henry Mayhew (London, 1861).
World War I 1914-1918: French frontline soldier holding statue of Victory he has carved. Winning poster by Henri Dangon for Salon des Armees, exhibition of work of fighting artists held in Paris. 60,000 francs raised for needy artists.
David Livingstone (1813-1873) Scottish missionary and African explorer being carried 'The Last Mile' to die at his African home in Ujiji, Tanganyika. Chromolithograph from The Life and Explorations of David Livingstone, c1880
Walter Crane; English artist; book illustrator; children's book creator; Edmund Evans; The Baby's Opera; illustrated literature; English nursery rhymes; 1877; I saw three three ships; pretty; classical women; girls violin boats; sea; ocean;
Henry Peter Brougham, Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868). Scottish-born lawyer and politician. Defended Queen Caroline at her trial (1820) . Worked for the establishment of London University, the first Mechanics' Institute, and the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, and was a founder of the Social Science Association (1857). In Parliament he assisted in carrying the Reform Bill and introducued legal reforms. The Temple of Fame: Mr Punch welcoming ord Brougham who is on his way to make a speech promoting Social Science. Cartoon from Punch (London, 23 October 1858).
Sweet and savoury dishes for a buffet. The centrepiece is an epergne of flowers on a tray with fruit and custard glasses and a moulded jelly on either side. Other dishes are a turkey, a ham, sandwiches, a boiled tongue, game pie with aspic jelly, and lobster. Chromolithograph from Cassell's Book of the Household (London, c1895).
The Rat-Catchers of the Sewers. Rat catchers were vital to keeping down the rat population in the London sewers. The rat catcher is using a candle with a simple wind shield to give him enough light to carry out his work. Engraving from London Labour and the London Poor by Henry Mayhew (London, 1861).
Equilibrium of liquids: Hydrostatics and its applications, including Siphon (17), Bellows (paradoxical instrument) 8, Bramah's hydraulic press (19), Intermittent spring, Water reservoir, water level, etc. From educational plate published Wurtemberg c1850
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