Cross-section of a metalliferous mine in the Devon and Cornwall area of England, showing the engine house containing the steam engine which powered the man-engine or moving lift and the raising of ore in buckets in buckets in a separate shaft on the left. From The Popular Encyclopaedia (London, 1862). Engraving.
St Mark's Astrological Clock is housed in the St Mark's Clock tower, on St Mark's Square in Venice. The first clock housed in the tower was built and installed by Gian Paulo and Gian Carlo Rainieri, father and son, between 1496 and 1499
Paul Jean Francois Nicolas, Comte de Barras (1755-1829) French revolutionary. Especially cruel and ruthless. One of the five members of the Directoire (1795). Exiled after Napoleon's coup of 18 Brumaire (9 November 1799). Engraving.
William Edward Forster (1818-1886) English Liberal politician: Elementary Education Act (1870) Chief secretary for Ireland (1880) Married the daughter of Dr Arnold of Rugby school. Brother-in-law of the poet Matthew Arnold. Sketch of Forster in 1851.
Euclid (3rd century BC) Ancient Greek mathematician who taught at the Alexandrian school, presenting his Elements of Geometry to Ptolemy I, Soter, king of Egypt. Engraving from Vies des Savants Illustres by Louis Figuier (Paris, 1866).
modern, building, Architecture, business district, commercial district, Cardiff, Cardiff Bay, Wales, windows, reflection, blue sky, bright, sunny, city, city scape, urban urban scape, high rise, blue, tall, abstract, view, city living, urban living, apartments, block of flats, balconies, decking, on top of each other, railings, wood, decking
Revolution in Russia, 1905. Massacre of disaffected citizens by the Russian army, 22 January. On the left stands Nicholas II saying I am doing my best th reduce the number of malcontents Cartoon from L'Assiette au Buerre, Paris, 4 February 1905.
Monument to Louis XIV, 1670. Terracotta. Gianlorezo Bernini (1598-1680) Italian artist, architect and leading sculptor of his day. Louis XIV of France, the Sun King (Roi Soleil) as Ancient Roman, mounted on prancing charger.
Isaac Merritt Singer (1811-1875) American inventor and manufacturer. Cover of booklet on the Singer sewing machine published New York c.1880, showing Singer working on his invention (top) and a Singer sewing machine factory (bottom). From Genius Rewarded
Charles Edward Trevelyan (1807-1876) British colonial administrator and civil servant. Governor of Madras, India, 1859-60. Brother-in-law of Thomas Babington Macaulay. Engraving from The Illustrated News of the World (London, c1860).
Marc Isambard Brunel (1769-1849) French-born mechanical and civil engineer who settled in England in 1799, a refugee from the French Revolution. Father of Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Invented block making machinery for producing pulley blocks for ships' rigging, and a tunnelling shield which was used in the construction of the Thames Tunnel, London, opened in 1843. Engraving from L'Illustration (Paris, 8 December 1849).
Entrance to Kirdkale Cave, about 25 miles from York, England. Discovered in 1821 when men quarrying in a bank came across the choked-up entrance. From The Saturday Magazine (London, February 1833). Mud covering of the floor was full of bone fragments from tiger, bear, elephant, rhinoceros, etc. which appeared to have be gnawed (by hyenas, it was thought). William Buckland (1784-1856) English geologist and clergyman, examined the remains and concluded that these animals had disappeared from Britain due to some catastrophe, such as the Biblical Flood.
Elisha Mitchell (1793-1857) American naturalist and explorer. Professor of chemistry, mineralogy and geology at the University of North Carolina. In 1835 he established the height of Mt Mitchell, North Carolina. He fell to his death at nearby Mitchell Falls while verifying his earlier measurements. Engraving 1896.
Mexican-American War 1846-1848: General Winfield Scott, commander of the US Army of the North, making a triumphal entry into Mexico City on a white charger, 14 September 1847. Print c1848. Flag Stars-and-Stripes Mexico
Eli Whitney (1765-1825) American inventor and manufacturer, born at Westborough, Massachusetts. Credited with the invention of the cotton gin (1793) to separate cotton fibre from seeds and seedpods, dramatically increasing the amount of cotton that could be processed in a day and so revolutionising the American cotton growing industry. Equally important was his introduction of interchangeable parts, an innovation which led to the growth of mass production in the nineteenth century and the production of cheap goods. From The Century Magazine (New York, 1887).
Scutching or dressing flax by beating the stalks by machine. The long fibres of the stem Flax plant (Linum) were processed to produce linen. Engraving from Great Industries of Great Britain (London, c1880).
Brighton Chain Pier, c.1890. The 'Royal Suspension Chain Pier' was built in 1823 mainly as a landing stage for cross-channel sailing ships (and later packet steamers) to France and along the English coast. Designed by Samuel Brown it was a similar construction to a suspension bridge with iron links supporting a suspended wooden deck. Oak piles supported the Egyptian-influenced, cast iron towers. The first (on right) contained an entrance toll booth. This was the first of Brighton's three piers and it coexisted with the West Pier. It was due to be dismantled with the building of the Palace Pier but storm destroyed the pier on 4 December 1896 - an old Victorian sepia photograph
Leo Lesquereux (1806-1889), born in Fleurier, Switzerland, he emigrated to America with his family in 1847 and settled at Columbus, Ohio. In the 1830s an illness rendered him deaf. A bryologist (expert on mosses and liverworts) and palaeobotanist, he assisted Louis Agassiz with the botanical part of his Journey to Lake Superior, and after William Sullivant's death in 1873 he completed his work on American mosses. Engraving, 1896.
Anglo-American War 1812-1815 (War of 1812): General Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) at the Battle of New Orleans 8 January 1815, mounted on white horse, leading the American forces to victory in this, the last major battle of the war. Coloured lithograph by C Severin, c1856.
Spectre of the Brocken or the Brocken Bow. The image of the observer is thrown on nearby fog bank by diffraction. Named for the Brocken, the highest peak of the Harz mountains, Germany. From The New Popular Educator (London, 1892). Chromolithograph.
Francis Huber (1750-c1831) the blind Swiss naturalist, studied the habits of bees with the aid of his servant. Here the servant is acting as his employer's eyes and watching the bees. Engraving from Scenes of Industry (London, 1830).
David Dale Owen (1808-1860), Scottish-born American physician and geologist who set up the US Geological Survey in 1839 when appointed Geologist of the US. He lived at New Harmony, Indiana, the town founded by his father, the social reformer Robert Owen.
Omar Pasha (born Michael Latas, 1806-1871) Croatian-born Ottoman general. Commanded the Turkish forces during Crimean (Russo-Turkish) War 1853-1856. Omar Pasha leading his Turkish troops across the river Ingour in a successful attack on the Russians. Engraving.
The Pitman: from George Walker The Costume of Yorkshire, Leeds, 1814. The steam locomotive is the one built by Matthew Murray for John Blenkinsop and used to haul coals from Middleton Colliery to Leeds (3 1/2 miles) beginning August 1812. Rack-and-pinion system.
George Armstrong Custer (1839-1876) United States Army office and cavalry commander in American Civil War and Indian Wars. Defeated and killed at Battle of Little Bighorn in what is called Custer's Last Stand. Photograph.
Scene from Emile, ou Traite de l'education by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Paris, 1762). In this novel by the French political philosopher and educationlist Rousseau (1712-1778), as an educational experiment the hero, Emile, is raised apart from other children. Here Emile is with the priest from Savoy who, as the author's mouthpiece, is propounding the Theology of Nature which assumes Man to be naturally good, contradicting the doctrine of Original Sin.
?George Washington Crossing the Delaware River', 25 December 1776. An incident in the Revolutionary War 1775-1783 (American War of Independence) when George Washington (1732-1799) was commander-in-chief of the American army. Illustration c1912.
National Line's SS Egypt under sail and steam, flying Red Ensign. Launched at Liverpool, England, 1871, one of her routes was Liverpool/New York. Currier & Ives print c1879. Transport Shipping Merchant Transitional Liner
Cottage at Wrington in north Somerset near Bristol, England, the birthplace of John Locke (1632-1704) English philosopher and scientist, one of the founders of the Enlightenment. Engraving from England and Wales Delineated by Thomas Dugdale (London, c1840).
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