Armand Jean Duplessis, Duc de Richelieu (1585-1642) French prelate and statesman: Cardinal 1624: Minister of state to Louis XIII and de facto ruler of France from 1629. Engraving based on Philippe de Champaigne portrait and surrounded by his achievements including crushing of Huguenots at La Rochelle 1628. 17th century engraving.
Apiary of wooden hives, Lismore, Ireland. Woman in protective veil using bellows to puff smoke into hive to render bees less aggressive before opening the hive. Engraving from The English Illustrated Magazine, London, 1890
Spitalfields silk workers winding and reeling silk , London, England, late 19th century. This enclave of the silk industry was founded by Huguenot refugees from France after Louis XIV's Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). Engraving, 1893.
German; Germany; Anti-Semitism; Escape; Twentieth century; 20th century
Jewish refugees aboard the 'SS St Louis' attempt to communicate with friends and relatives in Cuba, who were permitted to approach the docked vessel in small boats. The passengers were not allowed to disembark.
Water breaking through during excavation of Thames Tunnel, 12 January 1828. On this occasion 6 men killed, and Isambard Kingdom Brunel, site engineer, was among others in workings at the time who narrowly escaped with their lives. Woodcut, London, 1836
French Religious Wars: Paris during the League (La Ligue). Procession of the League 24 May 1590 leaving Notre Dame, Paris showing typical soldiers and civic guards armed with pikes and arquebuses. Engraving after painting by J Brueghel (Breughel) the Younger.
With German invasion threatening, Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard) was created in Britain in May 1940 with men from 17 to 65. Home Guard on the march, Church Street, Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, England.
World War II 1939-1945. Site of mass burning of 250 Polish and French slave labourers at Nazi camp near Leipzig, Germany, on April 19, 1945, the day before the city was captured by 69th Inf. Div. First U.S. Army.
James of Molay (French: Jacques de Molay) (c. 1240/1250 ? March 1314) 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, leading the Order from 1292 until the Order was dissolved by order of Pope Clement V in 1312.
Gunpowder Plot, Roman Catholic conspiracy to blow up English Houses of Parliament on 5 November 1605 when James I was due to open new session. William Parker, Lord Monteagle, receiving a letter of warning of the plot. Wood engraving
Lyon Playfair (1818-1898) Scottish chemist and politician. He studied chemistry at Glasgow under Thomas Graham, and under Liebig at Giessen. Professor chemistry at Edinburgh university 1858-1896. Discovered the nitroprusside class of salts. Chemist to the Geological Survey, 1846. Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society 1848. Engaged in the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851. Liberal MP for the universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh 1868-1885. Secretary of State for Science and Art 1855. Deputy Speaker of the Hosue of Commons 1880-1883. Knighted 1883. Created Baron 1892. From The Cabinet Portrait Gallery. London, 1890-1894. Woodburytype.
Bicycle Manufacture, France: Shaping the wheel rims. Machinery all driven from central power source through belt-and-shafting. In right foreground man is passing metal strip through shaping machine, it is then passed along production line to forge at rear. Men at grindstones wear protective goggles. Fish-tail gas lights provide illumination. Wood engraving Paris, 1896.
Paddington Station, the London terminus of the Great Western Railway, 1854. Iron was used in the construction of the roof, and the spans supported on cast iron pillars. The building was the joint work of Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859) and Matthew Digby Wyatt (1820-1877). From The Illustrated London News, (London, 8 July 1854). Wood engraving.
Silas Marner by George Eliot, 1861. Eppie, at the age of three, has slipped out of the house while Silas Marner was busy, and amuses herself by the pond. Illustration by Mary L.Gow (1851-1929) published 1882.
Hippocrates of Cos (c460-377 or 359 BC) Ancient Greek physician. The 'Father of Medicine' who laid the foundations of a scientific basis for medicine. He taught that the four humours (blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile) were the main seats of disease. Engraving
Five senses. Man entertained by the Five Senses. Sight holding mirror, accompanied by eagle (eagle-eyed): Taste with basket of fruit: Smell offering scented flowers and accompanied by a bloodhound: Touch touching him as he touches dish: Hearing, playing a lute. Copperplate engraving by Adrian Collaert (1520-1570) after Adam van Oert.
Glasgow University seat of learning formal study teaching research founded in 1451 Pope Nicholas V international reputation fourth oldest in the English-speaking world Sunday Times Scottish University of the Year 2007 2008 law, medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, science, social science, ancient and modern languages, literature, and history
Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Edinburgh (1844-1900) British prince, second son of Queen Victoria: in 1893 succeeded his uncle as Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Photograph published London c1890. Woodburytype.
Lake District, UK England, Cumbria, Britain, northern, landscapes, black and white, monotone, scenic, view, viewpoint, two people, figures, people in the landscape, Derwent, Derwentwater, lake, water, Skiddaw, Keswick, stormy, clouds, cloudy, dramatic light, Catbells, Newlands Valley, rays of light
John Frederick William Herschel (1792-1871), English scientist and astronomer, c1870. Son of the astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), he continued his father's work, discovering hundreds of nebulae and clusters, and mapped southern skies from South Africa. Coined the words 'photography', 'positive' and 'negative' and pioneered astronomical photography. From The World's Great Men (London, c1870). Engraving.