First meeting of Labour Supply Board set up in May 1940 by Churchill's government to organise labour for industrial war effort. Standing centre is the Chairman, Ernest Bevan (1881-1951) Minister of Labour and National Service.
Georges Mendel (1885-1944) Jewish French politician, journalist, Resistance leader. Sometime secretary to Clemenceau. Arrested by Vichy government, handed to Nazis 1942. Killed 1944 in retaliation for Maquis assassination. *** Local Caption ***
Cherbourg, 1940: Last equipment being loaded on board ships by the retreating British Expeditioary Force before France's great atlantic port was destroyed, thus denying its use to the approaching Germans.
Max Aitken, lst Baron Beaverbrook (1879-1964) Canadian-born British press baron, business tycoon, and writer. Appointed to wartime Cabinet by Winston Churchill in May 1940 as Minister of Aircraft Production.
Raoul Dautry (1880-1951) French politician and engineer. Director of State Railways 1928-38, Armaments Minister 1939-1940. 1944 appointed Minister of Reconstruction by de Gaulle, then Dircetor, French Atomic Energy Agency.
William Allen (1532-1594) English prelate; created Cardinal 1587. On accession of Elizabeth I went into exile. Founded English colleges to train missionaries to reconvert England to Roman Catholicism. Died in Rome. Engraving
Queen Victoria distributing Crimean Medals at Horse Guards, London, 18 May 1856. She is presenting a medal to Sir Thomas Troubridge (1815-1867) who lost his right leg and left foot at Inkermann, and appointing him as her aide-de-camp. Crimean (Russo-Turkish) War 1853-1856.
Linnaeus (Carl von Linne - 1707-1778) Swedish naturalist. From The Gallery of Portraits, Vol.IV, Charles Knight, London, 1835. Linnaeus is shown holding a sprig of Linnea borealis (Twinflower) a creeping evergreen shrub named in his honour.
Civil rights march on Washington, DC, USA. Procession of African Americans carrying placards demanding equal rights, integrated schools, decent housing, and an end to bias. 28 August 1963. Photographer: Warren K Leffler.
Thomas John Barnardo (1845-1905) Irish-born philanthropist and physician; founder of the East End Mission for destitute children in London 1867 which became known as Dr Barnardo's Homes. Engraving published 1893.
Art; Japan; Ukiyo-e; Entertainment; Play; Nineteenth century; 19th century
Scene from a Kabuki theatre performance. In this highly stylised Japanese dance-drama, from 1629 all roles had to be played by men. Those who specialised in female roles were known as onnagata. Utagawa Kunisada (1786-1864) Japanese artist and printmaker. Coloured woodblock print.
Roger Bacon (c1214-92) English experimental scientist, philosopher and Franciscan (Grey Friar); called 'Doctor Mirabilis'. Bacon in his observatory at the Franciscan monastery, Oxford, England. Artist's impression 1867. Engraving
Working metal deposits at Stolberg, Prussia, Germany, in direct or descending steps. The miners are working by the light of oil lamps with naked flames as in metal mines there was none of the inflammable gas methane to contend with. The ore is being carried away from the workface in trolleys running on rails. From Underground Life; or, Mines and Miners by Louis Simonin (London, 1869). Wood engraving.
Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) in his flying kit standing by 'Spirit of St Louis', the plane in which he made the first non-stop Atlantic air crossing: 20-21 May 1927. Landed at Le Bourget Airdrome, Paris, after a flight of 33.5 hours.
Mountaineering accident to French Alpine Chasseurs at 3,800 metres: Adjutant Rosier hit by falling block of ice. He and one other killed, two of rescued seriously injured. From 'Le Petit Journal, Paris, 23 July 1892. Climber, Crevasse
James Matthew (JM) Barrie (1860-1937) Scottish playwright and novelist, born at Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland. Quality Street (1901), Peter Pan (1904), What Every Woman Knows (1906) and Dear Brutus (1917) are among his best known works.
Captain Robert Faulknor (1763-1795), English naval officer, killed while endeavouring to lash the bowsprit of French frigate 'Pique' to capstan of his vessel 'Blanche', off Guadeloupe. During the fierce engagement the captain of the 'Pique' also was mortally wounded. The crew of the 'Blanche' finally managed to capture the 'Pique'. Engraving.
Spanish-American-Cuban War 1898: Cuban struggle for Independence. 'A well-directed volley at this time might have rid Spain of the fiery old guerrilla'. Mounted Cuban soldiers. Illustration for 'Cascorra', 1910, by Frederick Funston .
Isaac Merrit Singer (1811-1875), American inventor, while his friend George Zieber holds the candle, adjusting tension on his sewing machine in a last desperate attempt to make it work (August/September 1850). Machine patented 1851. From Genius Rewarded or the Story of the Sewing Machine, New York, 1880.
Japanese-American camp, Tule Lake Relocation Center, California 1942/1943. Eight Japanese women standing outside the barber's shop in the US war emergency evacuation camp set up in World War II. Internment Alien
World War I, 1914-1918: British women fire fighters training at a workhouse. Elderly female residents watch the exercise. During the war women on the home front took over many jobs traditionally done by men.
Andrians or The Great Bacchanal with Woman Playing a Lute': 1628, oil on canvas. Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665) French painter. Bacchus (Dionysius in Greek pantheon) Roman god of Wine, associated with drunkenness.
Explosion of fire-damp in coal mine at Anderlues, Belgium. 154 men lost their lives and 8 were seriously injured. From 'Le Petit Journal', Paris, 2 April 1892. Mining, Accident, Chemistry, Gas, Methane
French army conscripts setting out for training. In 1892 10% less young men eligible for conscriptions than usual, perhaps due to the Franco-Prussian War twenty years earlier. 'Le Petit Journal', Paris, 5 March 1892. France Military
World War I 1914-1918: Aftermath of the First Battle of the Marne, near Paris, France, 5-12 September 1914 - Ruins of the church at Huiron, near Vitry-le-Francois. The battle was a Allied strategic victory.
World War I 1914-1918: War effort on the Home Front; Garment section of the National Women's Union making uniforms, Frankfort-am-Main, 1915. Factory, Textile, Mechanisation, Sewing machine, Labour, Female
?Mother Jeronima de la Fuente', Franciscan nun, about to leave Spain for the Philippines where she founded a convent in Manila, 1620. Oil on canvas. Portrait by Diego Velasquez (1599-1660) Spanish painter. Missionary Crucifix Bible
?Madame Corot, Mother of the Artist' c1845. Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (1796-1875) French artist, leading painter of the Barbizon School. Seated woman in blue dress, lace bonnet with lilac ribbons, gloved hands.
Britain; England; Industrial; Revolution; Metals; Forge; Employment; Labour; Work
Making chains in the Cradley Heath district of the Black Country in the English Midlands. Women made the smaller sizes of chain. No.8 which had about 79 links per metre and weighed 2g took a woman a week to make 12. 7kg for which she might earn 25p. Wood engraving, 1890.
'A City Thoroughfare': From Gustave Dore and Blanchard Jerrold London: A Pilgrimage London 1872. Scene of chaotic traffic congestion with a London policeman trying to get vehicles moving. Wood engraving .
Fra Girolamo commanding Romola not to leave Florence. Illustration by Frederic, Lord Leighton, for George Eliot Romola published in monthly parts in The Cornhill Magazine London 1862-1863. Wood engraving
Isaac Barrow (1630-1677) English mathematician and cleric. Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge 1663, resigned 1669 to make way for Isaac Newton. Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and founder of its library. Engraving.