War of 1812: Battle of Lake Erie (Put-in-Bay), Ohio, 10 September 1813. Oliver Hazard Perry in bow of small rowing boat after abandoning his flagship 'Lawrence' transferring to 'Niagara'. Decisive American victory over Britain. Naval. c1911
Magius Voyage dans les Pouilles (Apulia). Doge of Venice and his counsel. Plate marking the naval victory of Lepanto, 1571, when the Christian states defeated the Turks/Ottomans. Last great battle with galleys. 16th century manuscript Biblioteque Nationale,
Death and the Miser', c1500. Oil on wood. Jan Provost (1465-1529) Netherlandish artist. Doors of a triptych. Death interrupting the Miser in the middle of a transaction. Macabre Allegory Moneybag Window Leaded Light Glass
British overland Arctic expedition led by Sir John Franklin (1786-1847) 1819-1822. John Richardson (1787-1865), surgeon and naturalist to the expedition, reading from his prayer book to the starving remnants of the expedition waiting at 'Fort Enterprise' for help to arrive. Engraving from Heroes of Britain by Edwin Hodder (London, c1880).
?Bela III (c1148-1196) king of Hungary from 1172, founding a Cistercian (White Friars) monastery at Szentgotthard, Hungary in 1183. Centre left is the Baroque monastery built 1740-1749. Stephan Dorfmeister (c1729-1797) Hungarian painter.
Walter Scott (1771-1832) Scottish author and poet. Best remembered for his historical Waverley novels. Engraving after the portrait by John Prescott Knight (1803-1881) from The World's Great Men (London, c1870).
William Cowper (1731-1800) English poet, born at Great Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, and settled at Olney, Buckinghamshire. A poet of the evangelical revival and of Nature, with John Newton, the curate at Olney, he published the Olney Hymns (1779). Engraving.
William Henry Vanderbilt (1821-1885), who greatly extended his father Cornelius's railroad interests, standing as a Colossus, puppet-master over the American railroad. The smaller figures are Jay Gould (1836-1892) American financier and speculator, right, and Cyrus W Field (1819-1892) American busnessman and financier.
?Prince Baltasar Carlos on Horseback' 1634/1635. Oil on board. Portrait by Diego Velasquez (1599-1660) Spanish painter. Baltasar Carlos (1629-1646) Prince of Asturias and Portugal, eldest son of Philip IV of Spain.
Martyrdom of St Agatha' c1750. Giovanni Battista (Gianbattista) Tiepolo (1696-1770) Venetian painter. Agatha 3rd century Sicilian Christian virgin martyr. Figure on left holds Agatha's amputated breasts on a platter.
?Right wing of Paumgarner altarpiece, c1503 oil on lime panel by Albrecht Durer (1471-1528) German painter and printmaker. Lukas Paumgartner, one of the Donors, shown as St Eustachius. Painted for St Catherine's Church, Nuremberg.
The Artist's Studio' 1845. Oil on canvas. Octave Tassaert (1800-1874) French genre and portrait painter. Artist and his white cat sitting in front of the fire on which is a cooking pot. Argand lamp on mantelpiece.
?Hilaire de Gas (1770-1857), grandfather of the artist', 1857. Oil on canvas by Edgar Degas (1834-1917) French Impressionist painter, sculptor and printmaker. Portrait of man in old age, seated and facing forward.
?Battle of Castillon, 1453', last battle of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. Decisive French victory. English commander, Earl of Shrewsbury killed. Oil on canvas. 1838. Charles-Philippe Lariviere (1798-1876) French painter.
?The Adoration of the Magi', 1526. Oil on wood. Quentin Metsys (also Matsys or Massys - 1465-1530) Netherlandish painter. Antwerp Mannerist. Three Kings bringing gold, frankincense and myrrh to the infant Jesus.?
?The Throne of Last Carolingian' Oil on canvas. Jean-Paul Laurens (1838-1921), French Academic painter. Young woman leans disconsolately on the back of a wooden throne with just a crown on it. French Dynasty
?The Sons of Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel'. William (1743-1821), Charles (1744-1836), Frederick (1747-1837), grandsons of George II of Great Britain. Oil on canvas by Johann Heinrich Tischbein (1751-1829) German painter.?
'The Ecstasy of St Francis of Paola'. Giovanni Battista (Gianbattista) Tiepolo (1696-1770) Venetian painter. St Francis (c1416-1507) Calabrian hermit and founder of the Minim Friars. Christian Monastic Order Habit Rosary Staff Halo
'Lunchtime at the Hospice at Beaune' oil on canvas. Joseph Bail (1862-1921) French painter. Sisters of Charity of the Hospices of Beaune in worked in the Hospital for the Poor founded in 1442 by Nicolas Rolin.
Air Raid Precautions: Set of 50 cards issued by WD & H0 Wills, Britain 1938, in preparation for the anticipated coming of World War II. Height finder which was used in conjunction with anti-aircraft guns.
England; Second; World; War; Civilians; Home; Front
Air Raid Precautions: Set of 50 cards issued by WD & H0 Wills, Britain 1938, in preparation for the anticipated coming of World War II. Heavy duty emergency fire pump unit with telescopic ladder attached. Designed by Home Office, could delivery in excess of 1,000 gallons a minute.
Victoria (1819-1901) Queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 and Empress of India from 1875. Three-quarter length portrait of queen wearing star and ribbon of Order of the Garter over black dress. Oil on canvas, c1880
Calcite statue of a standing female figure, Yemen, 1stC-2ndC British Museum. Calcite sculptures such as this are typical of South Arabia, and most known examples seem to have been dedicated in temples as votive offerings.
Is your home worth fighting for? It will be too late to fight when the enemy is at your door, so join to-day. Poster showing a family at home, surprised by German soldiers bearing bayonets. chromolithograph 1915
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (1593-1641) English statesman, a major figure in the events leading up to the English Civil War Portrait by Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641) Flemish artist, English court painter.
Jan van Eyck or Johannes de Eyck c. 1395 ? 1441) Flemish painter active in Bruges and considered one of the best Northern European painters of the 15th century. Detail of a mirror from the Arnolfini marriage.
George Walker Bush (born 1946) 43rd President of the United States 2001-2009. 46th Governor of Texas 1995-2000. Head-and-shoulders portrait with stars-and-stripes in background. American Politician Republican.
The Family of Henry VIII: An Allegory of the Tudor Succession. Oil on panel. Henry VIII (28 June 1491 ? 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was also Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) and claimant to the Kingdom of France.
Portrait of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna'. Ivan Argunov (1727-c1829) Russian painter. Elizabeth (1709-1762) Empress of Russia from 1741, daughter of Peter the Great. Half-length Frontal Female Gem Jewel Diamond Lace Royalty
Portrait of Peter III', 1762. Oil on canvas. Alexei Petrovich Antropov (1716-1795) Russian painter. Peter III (1728-1762) Emperor of Russia January to July 1762. Full-length portrait. Military Uniform Crown Orb Sceptre Ermine Sword Royalty.
Siege of Pskov by Polish King Stefan Batory', 1843. Oil on canvas. Karl Briullov (1799 ?1852) Russian painter. Livonian War 1581-1582 between Poland and Russia. Result: Stefan Batory and Ivan IV signed Treaty of Jam Zapolski. Battle
Luncheon of the Boating Party', 1881. Oil on canvas. Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) French painter. Party eating and drinking under awning in the open air by a riverside. Male Female Food Wine Relaxed Informal
Spitzer Space Telescope false-colour image of 'South Pillar' region of tsar-forming region called the Carina Nebula. Star embryos (yellow or white) inside finger-like pillars of thick dust (pink). Hot gases are green. Credit NASA
Spitzer Space Telescope false-colour image of 'mountains' where stars are born. Dubbed 'Mountains of Creation' the towering pillars of cool gas and dust are lit at the tips with light from embryo stars. Credit NASA. Science Astronomy
German political poster, 1919: Figure in helmet tearing down Munich's Frauenkirche. Text: Christian people! Will you allow Spartakus to tear down your churches? Answer on election day! Bavarian People's Party. Anti-Communist
George Washington (1732-1799) 1st President of the United States of America (1789-1797). Washington on his deathbed at Mount Vernon, 14 December 1799. After Julius Brutus Stearns (1810-1885) American painter.
Cross-section of a European ship showing men in European dress on deck, top, and men on the lower deck: Yokahama, Japan, 1861. Utagawa Yoshikazu (active c1850-1870) Japanese artist. Commerce Trade Merchant
Fan-shaped image showing counsellor for Emperor Yo-zei (869-949) seated right, delivering poem to poetess Ono Komachi (c825-c900). No 5 in Nana Komachi series. Katsukawa Sunsho (1726-1792) Japanese painter and printmaker.
'The Life of George Washington': Washington (1732-1799) First President of the United States of America (1789-1797) on his deathbed surrounded by family and friends. Hand-coloured lithograph c1853 after painting by J.B Stearns.
Royalty; German; William; I; Statesman; Politician; Nineteenth century; 19th century
Wilhelm I (1859-1888) King of Prussia from 1861, being proclaimed first Emperor of Germany, 1871. After the defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, as a gesture of further humiliation of the French, on 18 January 1871 Wilhelm was crowned in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles. the palace built by Louis XIV. Otto von Bismarck, German Chancellor, in which coat in centre.
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) daughter of James V of Scotland, mother of James VI (of Scotland) and I (of England). Queen of Scotland from the age of one week until her abdication in 1567. Portrait after Nicholas Hilliard.
Olga Brandon (b1865) Australian-born actress. Created the role of Vashti Dethic in the play Judah by Henry Arthur Jones at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London, 1890. From The Cabinet Portrait Gallery (London, 1890-1894). Woodburytype after photograph by W & D Downey.
Ralph Abercromby (1734-1801) Scottish soldier. General who led the successful Anglo-Turkish force against the French at the Battle of Aboukir Bay (Alexandria) 21 March 1801, at which he was mortally wounded. Engraving from The World's Great Men (London c1870).
Elizabeth Fry (born Gurney - 1780-1845) English Quaker (Society of Friends) prison reformer, with Anna Buxton, visiting women prisoners in Newgate prison, London, 15 February 1813. Engraving from Heroes of Britain in Peace and War by Edwin Hodder (London, c1880).
Robert O'Hara Burke (1820-1861) Irish explorer and leader of the Burke & Wills Expedition to explore the interior of Australia (1860-1861). Burke and Wills died of starvation on their return journey. Engraving from Heroes of Britain in Peace and War by Edwin Hodder (London, c1880).
Louis Braille (1809-1852) French educationalist and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind using raised dots on paper. Braille was blinded in a childhood accident. Photograph of a statue of Braille.
William GGV Vernon Harcourt (1827-1904) English lawyer and Liberal statesman, one of the great Parliamentarians of the late 19th century. Home Secretary (1880-1885), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1886 and 1892-1895) who introduced death duties. Leader of the Liberal Party and of the Opposition (1896-1898). From a photograph of Harcourt in later life.
Charles James Fox (1749-1806) English Whig (Liberal) politician. According to Edmund Burke he was 'The greatest debater the world ever saw'. Engraving after the portrait by Joshua Reynolds from The Gallery of Portraits Vol I by Charles Knight (London, 1883)
(Friedrich) Max Muller (1823-1900) Anglo-German orientalist and philologist, born at Dessau, who moved to England in 1846. From The Cabinet Portrait Gallery (London, 1890-1894). Woodburytype after photograph by W & D Downey.