• detail of Pergamon Altar, Berlin

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    RM Rights Managed
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    9.4 MB
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    5184 x 3456 px
    Image Print Size (at 300 ppi)
    439 x 293 mm
    17.3 x 11.5 in
    Visual Size @300ppi
    Pergamon Altar Museum Berlin Germany building King Eumenes II Greek art sculpture architecture buildings ancient museums Europe European frieze friezes monument monumental stock image stock photo
    The Pergamon Altar is a monumental construction built during the reign of King Eumenes II in the first half of the 2nd century BC on one of the terraces of the acropolis of the ancient city of Pergamon in Asia Minor. The structure is 35.64 meters wide and 33.4 meters deep; the front stairway alone is almost 20 meters wide. The base is decorated with a frieze in high relief showing the battle between the Giants and the Olympian gods known as the Gigantomachy. There is a second, smaller and less well preserved high relief frieze on the inner court walls which surround the actual fire altar on the upper level of the structure at the top of the stairs. It depicts, in a series of consecutive scenes, events from the life of Telephus, legendary founder of the city of Pergamon and son of the hero Heracles and Auge, a daughter of the Tegean king Aleus. In 1878 the German engineer Carl Humann began official excavations on the acropolis of Pergamon, an effort which lasted until 1886. His chief purpose was to rescue the altar friezes and expose the foundation of the edifice. Later, other ancient structures on the acropolis were brought to light. In negotiations with the Turkish government, which participated in the excavation, it was agreed that all frieze fragments found at the time become the property of the Berlin museums. Karl Humann's 1881 plan of the Pergamon acropolis In Berlin, Italian restorers reassembled the panels comprising the frieze from the thousands of fragments which could be recov
    Bernard O'Kane
    Bernard O'Kane
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