• Aberystwyth Castle

    Image ID
    RM Rights Managed
    Image Details
    Image File Attributes
    7.7 MB
    Image Dimensions
    4109 x 2605 px
    Image Print Size (at 300 ppi)
    348 x 221 mm
    13.7 x 8.7 in
    Visual Size @300ppi
    Aberystwyth Castle Castle Aberystwyth Ceredigion Wales UK built 1277 King Edward I 1221 revolt Madog ap Llywelyn Llywelyn the Great 1404 occupied Owain Glyndwr Owen Glendower 1637 royal mint 1649 Oliver Cromwell razed demolished gunpowder slighting historic historical summer blue sky Welsh name Llanbadarn stock image stock photo
    Aberystwyth Castle was built, along with Flint Castle, Rhuddlan Castle and Builth Wells castle, by King Edward I as part of his campaign against the Welsh. Aberystwyth Castle, started in 1277, was a particularly taxing job. It still was not completed by 1282 when the Welsh briefly captured and burned it. Construction was finally completed in 1289 at great expense to the crown. The castle was subjected to a lengthy siege during the revolt of Madog ap Llywelyn in 1294-5. By 1307 the castle was thriving enough that people had made their homes next to its walls, and the town was decreed Llanbadarn Gaerog (Fortified Llanbadarn). But the town was commonly referred to by the castle's name, as is the case today. The castle changed hands several times as the Welsh and English warred throughout Wales, including by Owain Glynd┼Ár, who took possession of the castle in 1404. The English soon after recaptured the castle, but by 1408, peace having been struck, the castle began to fall into disrepair. Still, in 1637 Aberystwyth Castle was designated as a royal mint by Charles I. The mint struck silver coins. This association became the castle's downfall, as the mint's operator, who had been made wealthy by his job, raised a regiment of Royalist soldiers during the English Civil War. This made the castle a target of Oliver Cromwell, who consigned the castle to slighting in 1649.
    David John Carton
    David John Carton
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    Point of view
    Eye level
    Without people
    Dominant colour