• Roman aqueduct at Ceasarea Israel

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    RM Rights Managed
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    15300 x 4892 px
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    1295 x 414 mm
    51.0 x 16.3 in
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    Ceasarea Roman conquest Herod the great Crusader port aqueduct remains of roman city amphitheatre hippodrome port Crusader fortress Sultan Baybars Mediterranean coastal plain Israel
    panoramic view of the Roman aqueduct runnig from the Carmel hills to Ceasarea Caesarea is believed to have been built on the ruins of Stratonospyrgos , founded by Straton I of Sidon, and was likely an agricultural storehouse in its earliest configuration. In 90 BC, Alexander Jannaeus captured Straton's Tower as part of his policy of developing the shipbuilding industry and enlarging the Hasmonean kingdom. Straton's Tower remained a Jewish city for two generations, until the Roman conquest of 63 BC when the Romans declared it an autonomous city. The pagan city underwent vast changes under Herod the Great, who renamed it Caesarea in honor of the Roman emperor, Caesar Augustus. In 22 BC, Herod began construction of a deep sea harbor and built storerooms, markets, wide roads, baths, temples to Rome and Augustus, and imposing public buildings. Every five years the city hosted major sports competitions, gladiator games, and theatrical productions in its theatre overlooking the Mediterranian Sea. Caesarea also flourished during the Byzantine period. The city was chiefly a commercial centre relying on trade. The area was only seriously farmed during the Rashidun Caliphate period, apparently until the Crusader conquest in the eleventh century. In 1251, Louis IX fortified the city. The French king ordered the construction of high walls (parts of which are still standing) and a deep moat. However strong the walls were, they could not keep out the sultan Baybars, who ordered his troops to scale the
    Moris Kushelevitch
    Moris Kushelevitch
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