The Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is a wild feline predator native to the Russian Far East. It is one of the rarest felines in the world with an estimated 30 to 35 individuals remaining in the wild. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature has deemed the Amur leopard critically endangered, meaning that it is considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Indian leopards are distributed all over India. They inhabit tropical rain forests, dry deciduous forests, temperate forests and northern coniferous forests up to an altitude of 2.500 m above sea level The Indian leopard faces several types of threat from Asiatic lions, Bengal tigers, bears, wolves, Asian elephants, hyenas, and wild dogs. These animals can kill leopard cubs. Lions and tigers may even attack a full-grown leopard. Apart from its natural enemies, the leopard's main threat is people due to loss of habitat and poaching. In some parts of India, the big cat thrives alongside human settlements, where it may prey on domestic livestock resulting in human-leopard conflict. These conflicts have increased in recent years due to human population growth. To avoid such problems, India's Forest Department regularly sets up traps in potential conflict areas and release the captured leopards in an appropriate habitat away from settlements.